Rules Governing the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit of Aliens

Updated: 2010-03-18

  (Approved by the State Council on 3 December 1986 and promulgated by the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 27 December 1986
  Revised and approved by the State Council on 13 July 1994 and promulgated by the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 15 July 1994)
  The present Rules are formulated in accordance with the provisions of Article 33 of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit of Aliens (hereinafter referred to as the Law on the Entry and Exit of Aliens).
  Chapter I
  Article l   for entry into China, aliens shall apply for visas to Chinese diplomatic missions, consular posts or other foreign-based agencies authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China.
  Aliens holding letters or telegrams from authorized organizations in China and ordinary passports issued by countries that have diplomatic relations or official trade contacts with China may apply for visas to port visa agencies authorized by the Ministry of Public Security in case of an urgent need to travel to China and a lack of time to apply for visas to the above-mentioned Chinese agencies aboard, for the following reasons:
  1) Being invited at short notice by the Chinese side to attend a trade fair in China;
  2) Being invited to China to enter a bid or to formally sign an economic or trade contract;
  3) Coming to China under contract for supervision over export shipment, import commodity inspection or check on the completion of a contract;
  4) Being invited to install equipment or make rush repairs;
  5) Coming to China at the request of the Chinese side for settling claims;
  6) Being invited to China for scientific or technological consulting services;
  7) A last-minute replacement or addition, approved by the Chinese side, to a delegation or group that has been invited and has already obtained visas for traveling to China;
  8) For visiting a patient in a critical condition or making funeral arrangements;
  9) As persons in immediate transit who, because of force majeure, are unable to leave China by the original aircraft within 24 hours or have to leave China by other means of transport;
  10) As other invitees who really do not have enough time to apply for visas to the above-mentioned Chinese agencies abroad but hold letters or telegrams from designated competent authorities approving the application for visas at port visa agencies.
  Port visa agencies shall not handle visa applications of aliens who do not come under the above-mentioned categories.
  Article 2   Port visa agencies authorized by the Ministry of Public Security are set up at the following ports:
  Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Dalian, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Xi’an, Guilin, Hangzhou, Kunming, Guangzhou (Baiyun Airport), Shenzhen (Luohu, Shekou) and Zhuhai (Gongbei).
  Article 3   In accordance with their status and the types of passports they hold, different aliens coming to China shall be issued diplomatic, courtesy, service or ordinary visas respectively.
  Article 4   Ordinary visas shall be marked with different Chinese phonetic letters and issued to different aliens according to their stated purposes of visit to China:
  l) Visa D to aliens who are to reside permanently in China;
  2) Visa Z to aliens who come to China to take up posts or employment and to their accompanying family members;
  3) Visa X to aliens who come to China for study, advanced studies or job-training for a period of six months or more;
  4) Visa F to aliens who are invited to China on a visit or on a study, lecture or business tour, for scientific-technological or cultural exchanges, for short-term refresher course or for job-training, for a period not more than six months;
  5) Visa L to aliens who come to China for sightseeing, visiting relatives or other private purposes (A group visa may be issued to a group of nine or more aliens on a sightseeing trip to China);
  6) Visa G to aliens passing through China;
  7) Visa C to train attendants, air crew members and seamen operating international services, and to their accompanying family members;
  8) Visa J-1 to resident foreign correspondents in China; visa J-2 to foreign correspondents who make short trip to China on reporting tasks.
  Article 5   In applying for visas, aliens shall provide such pertinent information as requested and complete the following procedures:
  1) Present valid passports or replacement certificates;
  2) Fill in visa application forms and submit recently-taken two-inch half-length, bareheaded and full-faced photos;
  3) Submit for examination papers supporting the application for entry into or transit through China.
  Article 6   The supporting papers mentioned in Article 5 (3) of these rules refer to the following:
  1) In application for Visa D, a permanent residence confirmation form, which may be obtained through application by the applicant or by his/her designated relatives in China from the exit-and-entry department of the municipal or county public security bureau at the place of the applicant’s intended residence;
  2) In application for Visa Z, a letter of appointment or employment from the sponsor or employer organization in China or a letter or telegram from an authorized organization;
  3) In application for Visa X, a certificate from the receiving organization or the competent department;
  4) In application for Visa F, a letter or telegram from the authorized organization;
  5) In application for Visa L for a tourist trip in China, a certificate of reception from a Chinese travel service, and, when necessary, plane, train or ship ticket(s) to the country (region) after leaving China;
  6) In application for Visa G, a valid visa for entering the country (region) of destination, or connecting tickets in case such a visa is exempt;
  7) In application for Visa C, relevant certificates in accordance with the agreements concerned;
  8) In application for Visa J-1 and J-2, a certificate from the competent department.
  Aliens who come to China for permanent residence or for residence of one year and upwards shall, in applying for entry visas, submit for examination health certificates issued by health or medical institutions designated by the governments of the countries of their current residence or those issued by health or medical institutions and certified by notarial organs. Health certificates are valid for six months from the date of issuance.
  Article 7   Aliens coming under the following categories shall not be allowed to enter China:
  1) An alien expelled by the Chinese Government and before the expiry of the period when his/her re-entry is prohibited;
  2) An alien considered likely to engage in terrorism, violence or subversion upon entering China;
  3) An alien considered likely to engage in smuggling, drug trafficking or prostitution upon entering China;
  4) An alien suffering from mental disorder, leprosy, AIDS, venereal diseases, contagious tuberculosis or other infectious diseases;
  5) An alien who cannot guarantee to cover his/her own expense during his/her stay in China;
  6) An alien considered likely to engage in other activities prejudicial to China’s national security and interests.
  Article 8   Transit visas are not required for those aliens who are in immediate transit through China on continued international flights, who hold connecting flight tickets and have seats booked and who stay for not more than 24 hours within the airport of the in-transit city. Aliens wishing to leave the airport shall apply to the frontier inspection offices for stopover permits.
  Article 9   When vessels operating international services anchor at Chinese ports, foreign crew members and their accompanying family members wishing to disembark at the port city shall apply to the frontier inspection offices for disembarkation permits, or lodging permits if they desire to stay overnight on land. Those who, for proper reasons, need to travel to areas beyond the port city or who cannot leave China on the original vessel shall apply to the local public security bureau for appropriate visas.
   Chapter II Inspection of Entry and Exit Certificates
  Article 10   Upon arrival at a Chinese port, aliens shall submit their valid passports, Chinese visas and certificates to the frontier inspection offices for examination and shall fill in entry and exit forms. They may enter China after the frontier inspection offices complete inspection and affix inspection seals.
  Article 11   When a foreign aircraft or vessel arrives at a Chinese port, the person in charge shall fulfill the following obligations:
  1) The captain or his/her agent must submit lists of the crew members and passengers to the the frontier inspection offices;
  2) Report, immediately upon discovery, cases of persons aboard attempting to illegally cross China’s borders to the the frontier inspection offices for action;
  3) See to it that persons not permitted to enter China leave on the original means of transport and that the expenses during the stay in China of persons who cannot promptly leave the country through force majeure are covered along with their travel expenses for departure.
  Article 12   The frontier inspection offices have the right to prevent the entry or exit of aliens coming under the following categories:
  1) Those who do not hold valid passports, certificates or visas;
  2) Those who hold forged, altered or other than their own passports or certificates;
  3) Those who refuse to have their certificates examined;
  4) Those who are under notice by the Ministry of Public Security or the Ministry of State Security forbidding their entry or exit.
  Article 13 For exit, aliens shall submit for examination their valid passports or other valid certificates as well as visas or residence certificates permitting their stay in China.
  Article 14 Aliens and their means of transport required by the visa agencies to pass through designated ports shall only enter or depart through the said ports.

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